Functions of the Judicial System In India

Judiciary system in india

Judiciary is the backbone of society. For any nation or a community to grow well, their judiciary must do their job vigilantly and wisely. Here we will discuss the main roles Judiciary has to play. 

Let’s take a tour

Justice to the people: This is the key role of the Judiciary. Each citizen has a fundamental right to justice. Thus, the courts ensure that proper justice should be delivered in every single case. Judiciary fixes the quantity of the punishment being given to the criminals.

Implementing the laws: One of the major functions of the Judiciary System is to implement the laws wisely. Each law should be interpreted well before getting applied. This task is performed by the judges. 

Law-Making: Judiciary plays a vital role in law-making. The decisions given by the courts are the reflection of the meaning, nature, and scope of the laws passed by the legislature. The interpretations of the laws define the laws.

The judgments delivered by the upper courts, which are the Courts of records, are supposed to be followed upon lower courts. The lower courts decide the cases before them on the idea of the choices made by the upper courts.

Protect the rights of the common people: It is the prime responsibility of the judiciary system to protect the rights of the common. Any citizen has the right to go before a court if any organization, government officer or firms or fellow citizens threaten his rights. Then judges by using the law, their sense of justice, honesty and impartially safeguards their rights through a wise decision.

Guardian of the constitution: Constitution is the highest law of the nation. For the protection of the Constitution, many laws have been declared illegal which violated any law or any clause of the Constitution. If any law violates the constitution, the court has the right to declare it as illegal to safeguard our constitution.

Resolve conflicts between the central and the State governments: The Supreme court has been given the right to decide the conflicts between the state & the Central governments. 

Advisory Functions: The Supreme court has the right in our constitution to advise upon legal matters if our President has asked for.

Miscellaneous Role: 

          -Approval of civil marriages.

          – Registration of bills.

          – Appeals related to elections

          – Appoints trustees or guardians as caretakers of the property of minors etc.



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