Bihar Judiciary Syllabus & Exam Pattern


Highlights of the Bihar Judicial Services
Name of ExamBihar Judicial Services Competitive Exam
Conducting BodyBihar Public Service Commission
Minimum QualificationDegree in Law
Key StagesPrelims, Mains, Personal Interview
Mode of applicationOnline
Mode of examOffline
Official Websitebpsc.bih.nic.in

Selection Process for Bihar Judiciary Exam

The Bihar Judiciary exam selection process has three stages viz., preliminary (Objective) Exam, Mains (Written) Exam, and Interview. The selection process is similar to the various judicial services exams. The exam stages are:

  • Preliminary Examination: The prelims exam is conducted for all the applicants who have applied for the exam. The exam has multiple-choice questions. There are two papers on General Awareness and Law.
  • Mains Examination: The mains exam will be conducted for prelims qualified candidates. The mains exam has 5 compulsory papers and 5 optional papers out of which each candidate has to select 3 subjects
  • Interview: A handful of candidates will be called for the interview. The interview will be taken by the committee decided by the commission.


Eligibility Criteria

  • Educational Qualification: A candidate must have a Bachelor of Law degree from any institute or university recognized by the Bar Council of India.
  • Age Limit: The minimum age is 22 years, and the maximum age allowed for the exam is 35 years. The upper age limit for women and physically disabled persons is extended to 40 years.

Preliminary Examination

Preliminary Examination Syllabus
Paper I (100 Marks)1) General Knowledge, including current affairs
2) Elementary General Science
Paper II (150 Marks)1) Law of Evidence and Procedure
2) Constitutional and Administrative Law of India
3) Hindu Law and Muhammedan Law
4) Law of Transfer of Property
5) Principles of Equity
6) Law of Trusts and Specific Relief
7) Law of Contracts and Torts
8) Commercial Law

Mains Examination

General English1) Unseen passage
2) Summary or précis writing
3) Letter writing
General Knowledge
1) Indian History
2) Culture
3) Geography
4) Polity
5) Current events
6) Currencies & Capitals
7) Static GK
Elementary General Science1) Everyday Science
General Hindi
1) निबंध
2) वाक्य विन्यास
3) व्याकरण
Law of Evidence and Procedure
1) Indian Evidence Act (1872)
2) Civil Procedure Code (1908)
3) Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996
4) Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
5) Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887
Note: General Hindi and General English are two of the five required subjects that are of qualifying nature.

Optional Papers (Syllabus)

Optional Papers (Syllabus)
Constitutional and Administrative Law of India
1. Articles 1 to 395 and Schedules
2. Administrative Law of India and Delegated Legislation
3. Control of Delegated Legislation - Judicial & Legislative
4. Rules of Natural Justice
5. Tribunals and Quasi-Judicial Authorities
6. Regulatory Authorities
7. Judicial Review of Administrative Action
8. Writ Jurisdiction and Statutory Judicial Remedies
9. Public Interest Litigation
10. Tortuous Liability of State and Compensation
11. Promissory Estoppel
12. Legitimate Expectation & Doctrine of Proportionality
13. Government Contracts
14. Ombudsman
Law of Contracts and Torts
1. Indian Contract Act, 1872
2. General Principles of Liabilities
3. Remedies, Nuisance
4. False Imprisonment
5. Injuries to Domestic and Contractual Relations
6. Wrongful Dismissal
7. Defamation
8. The Rule in Rylands Yrs. Fletcher
9. Deceit
10. Conspiracy
11. Malicious Prosecution
Hindu Law
1. Schools
2. Marriage
3. Adoption
4. Impartible
5. Estate
6. Endowment
Muhammadan Law
1. Marriage
2. Adoption
3. Wills
4. Legitimacy
5. Acknowledgement
6. Guardianship
Commercial Law
1. Sale of Goods
2. Negotiable Instruments
3. Company Law and Partnership


  • After qualifying in both Prelims and Mains, the commission will call you for the final round of examination, i.e., the Personal Interview round.
  • The interview is conducted for a total of 100 marks.
  • You need to score a minimum of 35% in the interview to make it to the final merit.